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A brief about Internet of Things (IoT)

A brief about Internet of Things (IoT)

If you think that the internet has changed your life, think again. The IoT is about to change it all over again! — Brendan O’Brien, Chief Architect & Co-Founder, Aria Systems

“Cisco’s Internet of Things Group (IoTG) predicts there will be over 50 billion connected
devices by 2020.” – Cisco


What is Internet of Things (IoT)?

Thing = Not a computer… but Phone, watches, thermostats, cars, Electric Meters, sensors, clothing, band-aids, TV,…. Anything, Anywhere, Anytime, Anyway, Anyhow

The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of physical objects or “things” embedded with electronics, software, sensors and connectivity to enable it to achieve greater value and service by exchanging data with the manufacturer, operator and/or other connected devices. Each thing is uniquely identifiable through its embedded computing system but is able to inter-operate within the existing Internet infrastructure.

Smart Things: Instrument (Sensors), Interconnect (networking/communicating, can find, can delegate), Intelligently process (can think, can compute)
i.e. Smart Grid, Smart Meters, Smart Cars, Smart homes, Smart Cities, Smart Factories, Smart Smoke Detectors…

Internet of Things (IoT)… Why Now?
– Availability of low-priced micro-controllers with sensors (Temperature, Moisture, Pressure, air quality)
– Tags: Radio Frequency Id (RFID), Quick Response (QR) Codes…
– Consumers have something to read/control them – smart phones, tablets etc
– IP addresses now effectively infinite – IPv6
– Internet access more widespread
– Cloud computing, Big Data platform enables data consumption and analysis
– Investors and hungry wealthy suppliers eg Cisco, Google, Samsung, Intel.
– GE investing $1.5 billion in “industrial internet”
– Large government investment in smart cities in China, India..
– Increased research funding by US, UK…
– Business cases / Market opportunities identified

IoT impact on our world? / Market Opportunities

• What if your mobile knows that it is to be recharged and begins it automatically.
• Suppose you have a meeting scheduled in your outlook calendar for 11:00 am at a venue 5 kms from your place, your alarm will be automatically set in the morning considering the distance. Your car will automatically route the way and if there is heavy traffic it will send a text to the stakeholders telling about the delay in meeting due to heavy traffic.
• What if an infant monitor provides the parents with real-time information about their baby’s breathing, skin temperature, body position, and activity level on their smartphones.
• What if a device in your pocket can automatically monitor your movements, location, and workouts throughout the day to track your activity level.
• What if your refrigerator knows you are low on supplies and orders it automatically.
• Smart thermostats like the Nest use sensors, real-time weather forecasts, and the actual activity in your home during the day to optimize your monthly energy usage.
• You can easily track down those lost keys, cell phone, fruit/vegetable caret in your house or warehouse.
• What if your wrist watch tells you when you were most happy, productive or sad during the entire day.
• Products like the cellular communication enabled Smart Belly trash use real-time data collection and alerts to let municipal services know when a bin needs to be emptied.
• Smart lighting system allows a city to intelligently provide the right level of lighting needed by time of day, season, and weather conditions.

For IoT the possibilities are endless, it will cater to our many requirements most of which we are unaware of right now.

What next? (Challenges / Food for thought)

– Sensors, IoT Standards & Specifications, Software, system integration and processing
– Cisco predicts $14 trillion IoT opportunity. Which organisation will place the large orders?
– Are we ready for the big big data volume and it’s processing?
– Privacy/Security/Trust/Identity/Anonymity
– Execution: Getting people input, setting it up, linking silos today. Other ways of doing the same thing.

  • Dheeraj Arora

    It will be wonderful if we can have an idea of using IoT to protect our environment/reduce pollution and make our earth a healthy place to live for the generations to come.

  • harikrishan123

    I think some of the ideas and use cases discussed above are going to help our environment i.e.

    – Smart lighting system allows a city to intelligently provide the right level of lighting needed by time of day, season, and weather conditions.

    – Dustbins with sensors can help municipality staff to visit on those bins which are above threshold… to ensure we minimize travel by visiting bins that need visit… avoid spill over / overflow with effective Waste management

    and many more

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